The schedule tribe population in India is spread over various states. About 705 individual ethnic groups are notified as STs in India. Based on 2011 census, the population of scheduled tribe is 10.43 crore, about 8.6% of India’s population. To your surprise, only 10.03% lives in urban areas and remaining in rural areas. The gender ratio (sex ratio) in Schedule Tribes is good, 990 females per 1000 males compared to 940 females per 1000 males overall in India.
In this article, we have provided population information about ST in India based on census 2011. We will update this article with latest Census 2021 figure as and when available online.
Scheduled Tribes Census and Population 2011
In India, the population of literacy rate is among the lowest. However, the sex ratio is near to very balanced compared to all over population in India. The population of ST in India is given below based on 2011 census:
|–||India||21,511,528||104,545,716||52,547,215||51,998,501||16.01 %||58.95 %||990|
|1||Madhya Pradesh||3,122,061||15,316,784||7,719,404||7,597,380||18.46 %||50.55 %||984|
|2||Orissa||2,163,110||9,590,756||4,727,732||4,863,024||15.86 %||52.24 %||1029|
|3||Maharashtra||2,156,957||10,510,213||5,315,025||5,195,188||14.78 %||65.73 %||977|
|4||Rajasthan||1,787,715||9,238,534||4,742,943||4,495,591||18.40 %||52.80 %||948|
|5||Chhattisgarh||1,743,277||7,822,902||3,873,191||3,949,711||15.33 %||59.09 %||1020|
|6||Gujarat||1,699,510||8,917,174||4,501,389||4,415,785||15.85 %||62.48 %||981|
|7||Jharkhand||1,699,215||8,645,042||4,315,407||4,329,635||16.97 %||57.13 %||1003|
|8||Andhra Pradesh||1,417,289||5,918,073||2,969,362||2,948,711||13.03 %||49.21 %||993|
|9||West Bengal||1,160,069||5,296,953||2,649,974||2,646,979||13.17 %||57.93 %||999|